BIG BEN

BIG BEN

Most people are unaware that the name for one symbols of London, Big Ben, doesn’t refer to the Parliament bell tower, not even a clock featured in a hundred postcards, but a huge bell inside. In 1844, the Parliament decided to add a bell tower to the new Houses of Parliament. But the clock mechanism with the desired accuracy wasn’t constructed until 1854. The clock and the bells were...

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ALBERT MEMORIAL

ALBERT MEMORIAL

At the approach to Kensington Gardens lies the magnificent monument raised in honour of Prince Albert (1819-1861), consort of Queen Victoria. The monument was built 15 years after the death of the popular Prince whom Disareli described in the following manner: «This German Prince has governed England for twenty-one years with a wisdom and energy such as none of our kings have ever...

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ADMIRALITY ARCH

ADMIRALITY ARCH

At the south-western part of Trafalgar Square, on the way to Buckingham Palace, lies Admiralty Arch. This impressive structure with three archways was named after the nearby headquarters of the Royal Navy. It was designed by Aston Webb, and constructed in the honour of Queen Victoria; as indicated by the Latin inscription on the facade. The smaller side archways are open to the pedestrian...

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10 DOWNING STREET

10 DOWNING STREET

One of the most famous streets in London, if not the world, was named after its architect, sir George Downing. The site itself used to be known as the island of Thorns, and traces of Roman and Saxon structures were also found here. Number 10 is the official residence of the British Prime Minister since 1732, when king George II gave the residence to the first Prime Minister of Great Britain, sir...

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London — Evolution of the modern city

London — Evolution of the modern city

18th-century London By 1820, when George IV succeeded to the throne, many of the villages and hamlets that in the 17th and 18th centuries had been the destination of summer outings from the heart of the city had been covered by a tide of bricks and mortar. Some of the building was the well-planned work of great landowners; some, however, was the sorry work of the small or greedy. The Bedford,...

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